Udhayakumar Govindarajan
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Lazy loading feature Modules in Angular

Lazy loading feature Modules in Angular

It helps keep the Initial bundle size smaller. Let's dig in!

Udhayakumar Govindarajan

Published on Jul 18, 2021

4 min read

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Introduction

Angular app development is much easier with the CLI and other tools that come out of the box with Angular. We can create an app and spin that in Cloud in minutes.

But all that matters are:

  • How efficiently we are architecting the App, splitting the whole application into smaller chunks as individual modules.
  • The size of the initial module that gets served when an app is launched, as it impacts the loading time of an App on the browser.

Lazy loading the feature modules comes to the rescue in serving individual modules as chunks based on Routes.

Let me demonstrate the concept with a quick example.

What is lazy-loading?

Lazy loading is a design pattern, in which modules (respective components and assets) are loaded as and when required. Say, when the User navigates to /contact, the contact Module is loaded. This way loading of all Modules on the launch of the app on the browser is avoided, which improves the page speed.

Create a new project

Let's create a new project by running this command ng n ng-lazy-loading --routing

The --routing flag generates the Router module file (app-routing.module.ts) out of the box and does the basic Routes configuration.

Setup Lazy loading

Let's create a feature module called dashboard and load it when the route dashboard is accessed.

Dashboard Module

Run the command ng g m dashboard --route dashboard --module app.module.

This command:

  • Creates dashboard module under app.module.

feature-module-dashboard.png

  • Configures route called dashboard for dashboard module in Router module.
const routes: Routes = [
  {
    path: 'dashboard',
    loadChildren: () =>
      import('./dashboard/dashboard.module').
              then((m) => m.DashboardModule),
  },
];

Contact Module

Let's create another module called contact by running this command ng g m contact --route contact --module app.module.

contact module created under App module.

feature-module-contact.png

You should see app-routing.module.ts updated with route configuration for contact module as well.

const routes: Routes = [
  {
    path: 'dashboard',
    loadChildren: () =>
      import('./dashboard/dashboard.module').
              then((m) => m.DashboardModule),
  },
  {
    path: 'contact',
    loadChildren: () =>
      import('./contact/contact.module').
            then((m) => m.ContactModule),
  },
];

Default Route

Let's add the default route in app-routing.module.ts just in case if the routes accessed by the User not matching either dashboard or contact.

{
    path: '',
    redirectTo: '',
    pathMatch: 'full'
}

Verify lazy-loaded modules using Developer tools

  • Open app.component.html and replace the code with:
<button style="margin: 20px; padding: 20px; color: white; background-color:'#518ded';" routerLink="">Home</button>
<button style="margin: 20px; padding:20px; color: white; background-color:'#ed6651';" routerLink="dashboard">Dashboard</button>
<button style="margin: 20px; padding:20px; color: white; background-color:'#edb451';" routerLink="contact">Contact</button>
<router-outlet></router-outlet>
  • Make sure your application is running on your local machine.
  • Goto http://localhost:4200/. Open developer tools (Press F12).

lazy-loading-app.png

  • Click on the dashboard button, you must see the dashboard module chunk loaded in the console.

load-dasboard-module.png

  • Now click on the contact button, you must see the contact module chunk loaded in the console.

load-contact-module.png

Where does Lazy loading fit?

  • Assume you are developing an e-commerce application like Amazon, Flipkart.
  • You know how many pages an e-commerce app will have. Probably 1000+, and you need to put them in different modules like:
    • Login
    • Dashboard
    • Products
    • Checkout
    • Billing
    • Orders
    • Contact
    • Logout
  • You should not load all these modules when the app is loaded on the browser for the first time, as that will make the User wait for a long time to see the page on the browser. Right?
  • Better solution is to load these modules as the User navigates through different pages.
  • Load contact module only when the User clicks on the Contact us button on the page.
  • Similarly handle the loading of other modules based on the User actions.

Putting all together

Lazy loading doesn't help much for an application that has fewer pages. But it matters a lot for enterprise-level applications.

Individual modules are loaded when the user navigates to the respective routes, which improves the page speed that helps in achieving a good SEO rank from Google, Bing, and also a better User experience.

Hope you find this article useful, please feel free to share it with your friends/colleagues.

If you got any questions, feel free to post them in the comments section down below.

Happy learning!

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